Map of 1831

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This year marks the end of Majotu’s reign as Alafin and the brief reign of Amodu that lasted until 1832. Several key Oyo towns were abandoned in part due to drought and Fulani incursions that apparently undermined farming. Law describes how forces from Ogodo and Ilorin “entered and plundered Oyo,” which now became a tributary to Ilorin. The “shock of the Ilorin conquest of the capital, produced a ‘ramshackle coalition’ among the rulers of Ikoyi, Gbogun, Ago Oja and Kanla, whereby Kanla and Ikoyi became tributaries to Ilorin.” Around Abeokuta, the predominately Egba and Owu refugees “repulsed Ibadan and Ijebu far into Ijebu country near Isheri.” Dahomey attacked “Okparago,” which is likely to be identified with the modern town of Okpara.

Only five voyages departed the coast, two for Cuba, one for Brazil, one for Sierra Leone and another to unknown destination. Documented totals were less than 2,000 people, while estimates for those leaving unspecified points suggest over 3,000 people.

For citations see: Henry B. Lovejoy, "Mapping Uncertainty: The Collapse of Oyo and the trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, 1816-1836," Journal of Global Slavery 4, 2 (2019): 127-161. (Open source access).

Documented Slave Voyages in 1831

Voyage ID Name Departure Arrival Individuals
51855 Tibério (1831) Unspecified Brazil 490
1217 Urania (a) Christina (1831) Lagos Cuba 284
1231 Segunda Teresa (1831) Ouidah Cuba 481
34676 Julius Thalès (1831) Unspecified Guadaloupe 331
2422 Potosi (1831) Lagos Sierra Leone 192

*Ship totals with the same number based on imputted data. See Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database (