The Portuguese Sumaca, Fênix, left Bahia on 12 August 1818 and purchased 239 enslaved people at the Costa da Mina (no date recorded). This broad region corresponds to a coastal strip in the Gulf of Guinea encompassing the Gold Coast and Bight of Benin. While some ships leaving ports along the Gold Coast would not have carried Yoruba speakers, many of these ships would have been avoiding British blockades and likely traded further east in the Bight of Benin, most especially between Little Popo, Ouidah and Lagos. The captain, José Dias, sailed the vessel, owned by Manoel Cardoso de Aguiar, back toward Brazil as intended, when it likely landed at São Salvador da Bahia on 8 June 1819. Only 217 people survived the Middle Passage. For more information, see Map of 1819.
As Referenced in Voyages
Idade de Ouro do Brasil, IDO, 1819-6-22.
Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), APEB, cod 456, p. 291v.